Win with Chocolate Milk
Daily Cow Tip
- Mrs. Anne Picket began operating Wisconsin’s first cheese factory in 1841 on the family farm near Lake Mills using milk from her neighbors' cows to produce butter and cheese. This continued until 1845, when the level of production and demand grew too large for her kitchen. By 1869, Wisconsin produced over 3 million pounds of cheese, and that number would more than quadruple within 10 years.The nation’s first dairy school was created at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1890, where it remains the country’s top Dairy Science Department.Several popular cheese varieties were invented in Wisconsin. Brick Cheese was invented in 1877 and named for its brick-like shape created when real bricks are used to press moisture from the cheese. And Colby Cheese was created in Colby, Wis. in 1885.Wisconsin has been a leader in dairying for more than a century and was officially named “America’s Dairyland” in 1930.National June Dairy Month began as National Milk Month in 1937 as a way to promote drinking milk. Wisconsin held its first June Dairy Month in 1939, expanding the celebration to include milk, cheese, butter and ice cream.Wisconsin dairies help to fuel our state economy at the rate of more than $50,000 per minute. These dollars support schools, roads and businesses in our local communities.Wisconsin dairy cows produce much more than just great milk – each cow generates more than $34,000 each year in economic activity. This means the average 250-cow dairy farm contributes more than $8.5 million each year to our state’s economy.Dairy is the largest segment of Wisconsin Agriculture, 19% of all agricultural jobs in Wisconsin are related to the dairy industry across 300 different careers.Wisconsin is currently home to 1.28 million dairy cows – that’s as many cows as there are Wisconsin school children!Wisconsin has more dairy cows per square mile than any other state.The average yearly milk production for a Wisconsin cow is 22,668 pounds (or 2,636 gallons). That’s more than 42,000 8-ounce glasses of milk from just one cow – enough for you to drink 115 glasses of milk every day for a year!It takes 12 pounds of milk to make one gallon of ice cream, 10 pounds of milk to make one pound of cheese, and 21.8 pounds of milk to make one pound of butter.Wisconsin cheesemakers produced a record-breaking 3.0 billion pounds of cheese in 2015; 127.5 million pounds more than 2014. If Wisconsin were a country, it would rank 4th in the world in terms of total cheese production, behind the U.S., France and Germany, and just ahead of Italy.Finding a favorite ice cream flavor in Wisconsin requires lots of sampling – there are more than 300 different flavors produced within the state.Wisconsin dairies help fuel our state economy at the rate of more than $82,000 per minute. In the time it takes you to drive the more than 400 miles between Superior and Pleasant Prairie, the dairy industry has generated more than $33 million dollars for the economy.Wisconsin dairies help fuel our state economy at the rate of more than $80,000 per minute. In the time it takes you to drive the more than 400 miles between Superior and Pleasant Prairie, the dairy industry has generated more than $33 million dollars for the economy.National June Dairy Month began as National Milk Month in 1937 to promote drinking milk. That same year, the average price of a new car was $760, gas cost $0.10 per gallon and milk was $0.50 per gallon.Wisconsin has been a leader in dairying for more than a century and was officially named “America’s Dairyland” in 1930. Ten years later, in 1940, it became the official license plate slogan.Colby cheese was created by John Steinwand, in Colby, Wisconsin in 1885, the same year the automobile was invented.Wisconsin has more dairy cows per square mile than any other state and produces more than 2 billion pounds of milk each month! That’s roughly the weight of 500,000 sedans.
A list of commonly used cycling terms with definitions:
Abandon - When a racer quits during a race.
Attack - A sudden acceleration to move ahead of another racer or group of racers.
Big Ringing It - A "big" gear - when the racer has his chain on the larger of the two front chainrings - allows a racer to go for maximum speeds.
Bonk - Total exhaustion caused by lack of sufficient food during a long race or ride.
Bonus Sprints - On each stage, race organizers designate several locations along the route where bonus points are given to the first few racers that cross the line. These sprints create a "race within a race" during each stage.
Breakaway - One or more racers who sprint away from the peloton (main group of racers) in an effort to build a lead. Competing racers in a breakaway will often form uneasy alliances, working together and drafting to increase or maintain their lead. Those alliances break down, though, as they approach the finish. A team leader in a breakaway with multiple teammates has a decided advantage over a racer who has no support.
Bridge - A racer(s) who sprints away from the main group of racers (aka peloton) and catch the breakaway.
Broom Wagon - The vehicle that follows the race, picking up racers who have to abandon the race.
Caravan/Race Caravan - The official and team support vehicles in a race. Each team has a car in the official race caravan. The team cars follow the peloton and racers will often go back to their team car for food, extra clothing, or to speak to their team director.
Circuit Race - A multiple-lap race around a course of usually 1.5 miles or more. A spectator favorites!
Clincher - A traditional bicycle tire that is mounted on a rim with a wire or kevlar bead. Clinchers are easy to replace or repair but they and their rims tend to weigh more than a tubular.
Col - A mountain or climb, as in the "Col du Tourmalet" in the Pyrenees Mountains.
Criterium - aka Crit. A multi-lap, one-day race on a closed, short course (usually less than a mile).
Derailleur - A mechanism for moving the chain from one sprocket to another to change gears on a multi-speed bicycle.
Disc Wheel - A bicycle wheel with covers or a solid disc, rather than open spokes. Disc wheels are very aerodynamic - but heavy - and can turn into a sail in a strong crosswind.
DNF - Did Not Finish.
Domestique - A racer whose main job is to help the team leader win the day's stage, or the entire race. A domestique may pull the leader up to a breakaway, or pace them up a steep climb. If a team leader gets a flat, a domestique may even be called upon to give up their front or rear wheel and wait for the team mechanic, saving the leader precious seconds.
Drafting - One or more racers ride single file behind another racer, taking advantage of that racer's slipstream. By doing so the racer behind has less of a headwind and gets a breather. In a crosswind, racers may ride in a diagonal line, instead. Drafting is the lynchpin of most bicycle racing tactics.
Drop/Dropped - When a racer has been left behind by another racer or group of racers.
Echappee - The cyclist who escapes from the pack. The 'escapee'.
Echelon - A staggered, long line of racers, each downwind of the racer ahead, allowing them to move considerably faster than a solo racer or small group of racers. In windy sections where there are crosswinds, a large peloton will form into echelons.
Equipe - Cycling team.
Field Sprint - A mass sprint at the finish among the main group of racers in a road race.
Gap - The amount of time or distance between a racer or group of racers and another racer or group of racers.
General Classification (G.C.) - The overall leader board in the race, representing each racer's total cumulative time in the race. The racer with the lowest time is number one on the G.C.
Hammer - To ride hard; aka "put the hammer down".
Jump - A quick acceleration, which usually develops into a sprint.
Lacher - Drop out or let go.
Lead Out - A racer's teammate(s) form a paceline in front of the leader, pulling hard for the finish. The supporting cast pulls off one at a time, leaving the leader rested and fast for the last sprint. Leadouts typically happen right before the finish line or sprint.
Mechanical - Problem with the bicycle.
Off the Back - When a racer(s) cannot keep pace with the main group and lags behind.
Off the Front - When a racer takes part in a breakaway.
Paceline - A formation of two or more racers who are drafting. Typically, racers take turns doing the hard work at the front of the line.
Peloton - aka The Pack. The main group of racers.
Prologue -One type of beginning for a stage race, which is a relatively short time trial.
Popped - aka Blown, Had it, Knackered, or Stuffed. Words used to describe the legs losing all power.
Puncture - Flat tire.
Road Rash - Skin abrasions resulting from a fall or crash onto the road.
Saddle - Bike seat.
Schwag - aka swag bag - free goodies competitors get, i.e. water bottles, food, or clothing.
Slipstream - The area of least wind resistance behind a racer.
Sprint - A quick scramble for the finish line or a mid-race king of the mountain or other competition. A professional road race sprint is fast, furious and tactical. Watch for racers to jockey for the second or third spot, or organize leadouts by their teammates.
Squirrel - A racer who is erratic while riding in a group.
Team Leader - The racer for whom the team supports in order for the leader to win a stage or race.
Technical - A descent or other portion of a race that is twisty, steep or otherwise challenging from the point of view of bike handling.
Time Trial - Pits a racer or a team against the clock. Individual time trials are grueling affairs, with each racer expending maximum effort.
Train - A fast moving paceline of racers.
Tubular - aka Sew-up. A high-performance racing tire with the inner tube sewn inside the tire. The tire is then glued to a low-profile rim. Tubulars offer weight and strength advantages, but are hard to fix and maintain. Plus a bad gluing job can mean a tire failure in a sharp turn, and an ugly crash.
UCI - Union Cycliste Internationale, the international governing body of cycling.
USA Cycling - United State's governing body of cycling. USA Cycling supervises the activities of all cycling disciplines (road,mountain, track, cyclo-cross), and establishes criteria for the U.S. Olympic Cycling Team.
Velo - French for "bicycle."